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Stephen Crane

Stephen Crane was an American author. Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in the Realist tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism and Impressionism. He is recognized by modern critics as one of the most innovative writers of his generation.

Background

  • Born in Newark, New Jersey, on November 1, 1871, Stephen Crane was his parents' fourteenth (and last) child. His father, Dr. Jonathan Townley Crane, was a Methodist minister, as were his maternal grandfather and other relatives on

    both sides of his family. Dr. Crane's successive ecclesiastical appointments led the family to move in 1876 to Paterson, New Jersey, and in 1878 to Port Jervis, a town in upstate New York that, with its surrounding countryside, would become the setting for a number of Crane's works, including Whilomville Stories, the novel The Third Violet, and one of his greatest short stories, "The Monster." After Dr. Crane's death in 1880, his widow moved the family to Asbury Park, New Jersey. Crane attended the Hudson River Institute in Claverack, New York, from 1888 to 1890, where he was taught history by John B. Van Petten, who had been an officer in the Civil War.

  • Education

    • He would later look back on his time at Claverack as "the happiest period of my life although I was not aware of it."

      In September 1890, he enrolled at Lafayette College to study mining engineering, but left without completing his first semester. He entered Syracuse University in January 1891, where he showed more interest in catching for the varsity baseball team than in his studies. In his single semester at Syracuse, he passed only one course of six—English literature, for which he received an A.

    Career

    • He had also begun to write for the New York Tribune, and even though he was to lose that position the following year

      for writing a satirical account of a parade by the Junior Order of United American Mechanics, journalism would remain one of his principal means of support and avenues to fame for the rest of his brief life. Crane later maintained that he wrote his first major work of fiction, Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, in two days just before Christmas of 1891. He borrowed money from one of his brothers to have it printed, since he was unable to publish it commercially because of its bleak and uncompromising presentation of life in the slums of New York City: the title character is forced to turn to prostitution after being self-righteously rejected by everyone she has loved and trusted. The book appeared early in 1893 under the pseudonym Johnston Smith, and, while very few copies were sold, it won favorable attention from the influential novelists Hamlin Garland and William Dean Howells.

    Major achievements

    • Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in the Realist tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism and Impressionism. He is recognized by modern critics as one of the most innovative writers of his generation.

    Works

    • The Open Boat
    • Maggie: A Girl of the Streets
    • The Monster and Other Stories
    • The Black Riders and Other Lines
    Stephen Crane
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    Born November 1, 1871
    Died June 5, 1900
    (aged 28)
    Nationality
    • 1885 - 1887
      Pennington Seminary
    • 1887
      Claverack College
    • 1888
      Crane became his brother Townley's assistant at a New Jersey shore news bureau

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      • the Lafayette College
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      • the Syracuse University
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    • Major Achievements
      • Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in the Realist tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism and Impressionism. He is recognized by modern critics as one of the most innovative writers of his generation.
    • Family description
    • Works
      • novella: Maggie: A Girl of the Streets
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        • Works description
      • Novel: The Red Badge of Courage
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        • Works description
      • poetry: The Black Riders and Other Lines
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        • Works description
      • novella: The Monster and Other Stories
        • Link
        • Works description
      • short story: The Open Boat
        • Link
        • Works description
    • General Info
    • Background
    • College/University Description
    • Career Description
    • Major Achievements
      • Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in the Realist tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism and Impressionism. He is recognized by modern critics as one of the most innovative writers of his generation.
        • mainPhoto
    • Works
      • novella: Maggie: A Girl of the Streets
        • mainPhoto
      • Novel: The Red Badge of Courage
        • mainPhoto
      • poetry: The Black Riders and Other Lines
        • mainPhoto
      • novella: The Monster and Other Stories
        • mainPhoto
      • short story: The Open Boat
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    • School
      • Pennington Seminary
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      • Claverack College
        • present
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    • College/University
      • the Lafayette College
        • present
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      • the Syracuse University
        • present
        • Main photo
    • Career
      • Crane became his brother Townley's assistant at a New Jersey shore news bureau
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    • Address
    • Membership description
    • Works
      • novella: Maggie: A Girl of the Streets
        • Link
        • Works description
      • novel: The Red Badge of Courage
        • Link
        • Works description
      • poetry: The Black Riders and Other Lines
        • Link
        • Works description
      • novella: The Monster and Other Stories
        • Link
        • Works description
      • short story: The Open Boat
        • Link
        • Works description
    • School description
    • College/University Description
    • Personality
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