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John Charles Linthicum

John Charles Linthicum was a U.S. Congressman from the 4th Congressional district of Maryland, serving from 1911 to 1932.


  • Linthicum was born near Baltimore, Maryland, in the locality now known as Linthicum, Maryland.

  • Education

    • Graduated from State Normal School, Baltimore, 1886. Special course, Johns Hopkins. Bachelor of Laws, University Maryland, 1890.


    • Linthicum served as a member of the Maryland House of Delegates in 1904 and 1905, and in the Maryland State Senate from 1906 to 1909. He was an unsuccessful candidate for mayor of Baltimore in 1907, and was a judge advocate general on the staff of Maryland Governor Austin Lane Crothers from 1908 to 1912. He was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-second and to the ten succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1911, until his death. Linthicum's most important role in Congress was that of the leader of the Wets (those who advocated the repeal of prohibition) succeeding John Philip Hill in 1927 (transition shown in the photo above). Working with Rep. James M. Beck, (R.) of Pennsylvania J. Charles Linthicum co wrote and introduced the Beck-Linthicum amendment which was designed to repeal prohibition in 1932 (Source: January 15, 1932, The Journal of the House of Representatives., p. 247). Although the bill failed it is highly significant in that it forced the wet and dry members to go on record as such. This resulted in the drys being voted out office and the eventual repeal of prohibition. In 1918, motivated by his wife Helen a noted "club woman" and by Mrs. Reuben Ross Holloway, Linthicum became the first to introduce a bill which would make the Star Spangled Banner the official national anthem of the United States, though it was not made so until 1931. During the Seventy-second Congress, he served as chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs, and had been renominated to the Seventy-third Congress at the time of his death. While serving as chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Linthicum achieved the "scheduling" of the foreign service and instituted the policy of U.S. government ownership of its embassies. (This is the achievement commemorated by his wife Helen Linthicum on his grave marker). Linthicum had also served as delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1924. He died in Baltimore and is interred in Druid Ridge Cemetery. His home, Twin Oaks, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.

    Major achievements

    • achievement2261310 Linthicum's most important role in Congress was that of the leader of the Wets (those who advocated the repeal of prohibition) succeeding John Philip Hill in 1927 (transition shown in the photo above).


    Party affiliation: United States Democratic Party


    Member 62d to 72d Congresses (1911-1933), 4th Maryland.


    • He was married Helen A. Linthicum.
    • father: Sweetser Linthicum - American
    • mother: Laura E. Linthicum - American
    • Wife: Helen A. Linthicum - American
    John Charles Linthicum
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    Died October 5, 1932
    (aged 64)
    • 1886
      Maryland State Normal School
    • 1890
      University of Maryland School of Law
    • 1887 - 1887
      Principal, Braddock School
      Frederick County, Maryland, Unites States
    • 1904 - 1905
      Representative, Maryland House of Delegates
      Annapolis, Maryland, United States
    • 1906 - 1909
      Senator, Maryland State Senate
      Annapolis, Maryland, United States
    • 1908 - 1912
      Judge advocate general, Maryland Governor office
      Annapolis, Maryland, United States
    • March 4, 1911 - October 5, 1932
      Congressman, United States Congress
      Washington D.C., United States
    • 1924 - 1924
      Delegate, Democratic National Convention
    • 1931 - 1932
      Chairman, United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs
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