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Erastus Brooks

Erastus Brooks was an American newspaper editor and politician from New York.

Background

  • He died of "inflamation of the bladder, pleurisy, and pneumonia" .

  • Education

    • He attended Brown University for two years, at the same time working as a printer to support himself and pay for tuition, but due to his financial distress did not graduate.

      Left college to begin newspaper Yankee, Wiscasset, Maine

    Career

    • At age eight Erastus left home and began work as a messenger boy and shop clerk in Boston. Some time later he became a typesetter and later a printer.

      He taught school in Haverhill, Massachusetts, where he became editor of the "Haverhill Gazette" in June 1835.

      He moved to Washington, D.C., in 1835.

      In 1836, he went to Washington, D.C. as a special correspondent. In 1840, he returned to Portland and edited the Portland Advertiser a Whig paper campaigning for William Henry Harrison. After the election, he carried the electoral vote of Maine to Washington, D.C., where he remained again until 1843 when he traveled to Europe. He returned on the packet ship Sheffield which was wrecked off Sandy Hook and lost his literary treasures picked up in Europe.

    Major achievements

    • He contributed to articles of New York Daily Advertiser, Boston Transcript, Baltimore American, St. Louis Republican and others



      Traveled from Southern tip of Africa to Moscow, Russia and sent back regular reports, 1843;
    • Erastus Brooks was a member of the New York State Senate (6th D.), first elected as a Whig, from 1854 to 1857, sitting in the 77th, 78th, 79th and 80th New York State Legislatures.
    • He was a delegate to the American Party national convention of 1856 in Philadelphia which nominated the Millard Fillmore/Andrew J. Donelson ticket for the United States presidential election, 1856.
    • At the New York state election, 1856, he ran on the American Party ticket for Governor of New York, but was defeated by Republican John A. King.
    • Brooks was a delegate to the Constitutional Union national convention of 1860 in Baltimore which nominated the John Bell/Edward Everett ticket for the United States presidential election, 1860.
    • He was a member of the New York State Assembly (Richmond Company) in 1878, 1879, 1881, 1882 and 1883. He was the Democratic minority candidate for Speaker in 1878, 1879 and 1881; and Permanent Chairman of the Democratic state convention of 1881.

    Religion

    actively opposed Catholic exemption from tax

    Connections

    • father: James Brooks
      Capt. James Brooks commanded the privateer Yankee during the War of 1812, and was lost at sea near the end of 1814.
    • mother: Elizabeth (Folsom) Brooks
    • brother: Margaret Dawes
      He was one of the founders of the New York Daily Express and Erastus wrote articles and editorials for the paper.
    Erastus Brooks
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    Born January 13, 1815
    Died November 25, 1886
    (aged 71)
    Nationality
    Ethnicity:
    • 1877
      editor (with his brother James), New York Express
    • 1840
      editor, Portland Advertiser
    • 1853
      member, New York State Senate (Know-Nothing Party)
    • 1856
      unsuccessful candidate for government, Know-Nothing party, New York
    • 1856
      member, Know-Nothing Nominating Conveyance
    • 1860
      member, Constitutional-Union Party Conveyance that hominated Bell and Everett
    • 1866 - 1867
      member, New York State Constitutional Conveyance
    • 1872 - 1873
      member, Constitutional Commission

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    Polina Kardash last changed 23/05/2012 view changes
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