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Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt

Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt, Austrian zoologist. Achievements include research in comparative vertebrate ethology focusing on communicative behaviors, behavioral ontogeny of mammals, founding of Humen Ethology as a unified discipline, cross-cultural documentation of human behavior, initiating post World War II conservation efforts for the Galapagos Islands.

Background

  • Eibl-Eibesfeldt, Irenäus was born on June 15, 1928 in Vienna, Austria.

  • Education

    • Doctor of Philosophy, University Vienna, 1950. Habilitation, University Munich, 1963. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), University Salamanca, Spain, 1994.

    Career

    • Research associate Biological Station Wilhelminenberg, Austria, 1946-1949, Institute Comparative Behavior Studies, Altenberg, Austria, 1949, Max-Planck-Institute Behavioural Physiology, Westphalia, Bavaria, 1951-1957, Seewiesen, Bavaria, 1957-1969. Professor zoology University Munich, 1970. Head research group human ethology Max-Planck-Society, Seewiesen, Andechs, Bavaria, 1970-1996, professor emeritus, head film archives human ethology Andechs, since 1996.

      Participant marine biological Xarifa expeditions, Galápagos, 1953-1954, science director 2d Xarifa expedition to Nicobares, Maldives, 1958. Leader United Nations Educational expedition to Galápagos, 1957. Science director International Institute Submarine Research, Vaduz, Liechtenstein, 1957-1970.

      Guest professor University Chicago, 1961, University Minnesota, 1967. Founder, director Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institute Urban Ethology, Vienna, since 1992. Leader numerous anthropological expeditions.

    Major achievements

    • Achievements include research in comparative vertebrate ethology focusing on communicative behaviors, behavioral ontogeny of mammals, founding of Humen Ethology as a unified discipline, cross-cultural documentation of human behavior, initiating post World War II conservation efforts for the Galapagos Islands.

    Works

    • Ethology, the biology of behavior
    • Contents: Preface, A Short History of Ethology, The Ethogram: A Behavioral Inventory, The Fixed Action Pattern (Inborn Skills), Motivating Factors, Behavior as a Response to a Stimulus, Releasers (Expressive Movements and Other Social Signals), Natural Models and Mimicry, Reaction Chains, The Heirarchical Organization of Behavior, Phylogenetic Development of Behavior Patterns, The Ontogeny of Behavior Patterns, Mechanisms of Learning, Ecology and Behavior, Orientation in Space, Temporal Factors in Behavior, The Ethology of Man, Bibliography, Author Index, Subject Index.

    Membership

    Member Senckenberg Nature Research Association, German Academy Leopoldina Naturforscher, Charles Darwin Foundation (executive board since 1959), International Society Human Ethology (president 1985-1993), European Academy (founding, prodekan).

    Connections

    • Married Eleonore Siegel, 1950. 2 children: Bernolf, Roswitha.
    • spouse: Eleonore Siegel
    • children: Bernolf Eibl-Eibesfeldt
    • Roswitha Eibl-Eibesfeldt
    Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt
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    Born June 15, 1928
    Nationality
    Ethnicity:
    • 1950
      University Vienna
    • 1963
      University Munich
    • 1994
      University Salamanca
    • 1946 - 1949
      Research associate, Biological Station Wilhelminenberg
      Austria
    • 1949
      Research associate, Biological Station Wilhelminenberg
      Altenberg, Salzburg, Austria, Austria
    • 1951 - 1957
      Research associate, Biological Station Wilhelminenberg
      Westphalia, Michigan, United States
    • 1957 - 1969
      Research associate, Biological Station Wilhelminenberg
      Seewiesen, Steiermark, Austria
    • 1970 - 1996
      head, research group human ethology Max-Planck-Society
      Seewiesen, Steiermark, Austria
    • 1970
      professor, zoology University Munich
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