In 1661, he went to Cambridge University where he became interested in mathematics, optics, physics and astronomy.
At that time, the college's teachings were based on those of Aristotle, whom Newton supplemented with modern philosophers, such as Descartes, and astronomers such as Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler
In 1665 Newton returned to Woolsthorpe. He also devoted time to optics and mathematics, working out his ideas about 'fluxions'. In 1667, Newton returned to Cambridge, where he became a fellow of Trinity College.
- Newton published 'The Opticks' which dealt with light and colour. In 1689, Newton was elected member of parliament for Cambridge University. In 1703, he was elected president of the Royal Society, an office he held until his death. He was knighted in 1705.Newton was a difficult man, but by the early 1700s he was the dominant figure in British and European science.
Born December 25, 1642
Died March 30, 1727