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Adolf Wagner

Adolf Wagner was a German economist and politician, a leading Kathedersozialist (academic socialist) and public finance scholar and advocate of Agrarianism.

Education

  • Adolph studied economics at the University of Göttingen, receiving a doctorate in 1857. Wagner’s academic career took him first to the Merchants’ Superior School, Vienna (1858–1863), then – after failing to secure a chair at the University of Vienna because of disagreements over fiscal policy with Lorenz von Stein – to the Hamburg Higher Merchants’ School (1863–1865), both institutions comparable to business schools today. In 1865, he took the chair of Ethnography, Geography, and Statistics (in reality an economics professorship) at the University of Dorpat in Livonia.

Career

  • Wagner is the main protagonist of a specific school of economics and social policy, called "State Socialism" ("Staatssozialismus"), which is a specific form of Kathedersozialismus.[1] (Albert Schäffle (1831–1903) and Karl Rodbertus(-Jagetzow) (1805–1875) were important protagonists of that thought as well.) He was emphatically not a member of the Historical School, however, which so many of his colleagues – such as Gustav von Schmoller and Lujo Brentano – were.

    Key Publications

    Wagner, Adolph (1864). Die Gesetzmässigkeit in den scheinbar willkührlichen menschlichen Handlungen vom Standpunkte der Statistik. Hamburg: Boyes & Geisler.

    Wagner, Adolph (1866). Beiträge zur Finanzstatistik des Schulwesens in den Städten des Ostseegouvernements Livland, Kurland und Esthland. Dorpat: Als Manuscript gedruckt. / Druck von C. Matthiesen.

    Wagner, Adolph (1866). "Die auswärtige Politik Rußlands und ihre Bedeutung für Preußen." Preußische Jahrbücher, vol. 18, no. 6 (December), pp. 657–692.

    Wagner, Adolph (1867). "Statistik." In Deutsches Staats-Wörterbuch, vol. 10. Leipzig: Expedition des Staats-Wörterbuchs, pp. 400–481.

    Wagner, Adolph (1868). Die russische Papierwährung. Riga: Kymmel.

    Wagner, Adolph (1870). Die Abschaffung des privaten Grundeigenthums. Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot.

    Wagner, Adolph (1892). Grundlegung der politischen Ökonomie. Part 1, vol. 1. 3rd edn. Leipzig: Winter.

    Wagner, Adolph (1895). Die akademische Nationalökonomie und der Socialismus. Berlin: Julius Becker.

    Wagner, Adolph (1900). Allgemeine und theoretische Volkswirtschaftslehre oder Sozialökonomik. (Theoretische National-Oekonomie.). Berlin: Als Manuskript gedruckt.

    Wagner, Adolph (1902). Agrar- und Industriestaat. Die Kehrseite des Industriestaats und die Rechtfertigung agrarischen Zollschutzes mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die Bevölkerungsfrage. 2nd edn. Jena: Fischer.

    Wagner, Adolph (1904). Die finanzielle Mitbeteiligung der Gemeinden an kulturellen Staatseinrichtungen und die Entwickelung der Gemeindeeinnahmen.Jena: Fischer.

    Wagner, Adolph (1916). Staatsbürgerliche Bildung. Berlin: Verlag "Bodenreform".

    Wagner, Adolph (1948). Finanzwissenschaft und Staatssozialismus. August Skalweit, ed. Frankfurt/Main: Klostermann.

    In English:

    Wagner, Adolph (1939). "Speech on the Social Question" (abridged), in Donald O. Wagner, ed. Social Reformers. Adam Smith to John Dewey. New York: Macmillan, pp. 489–506.

    Letters etc.:

    Wagner, Adolph (1978). Briefe - Dokumente - Augenzeugenberichte, 1851-1917. Heinrich Rubner, ed. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.

Major achievements

  • Wagner formulated the Law of Increasing State Spending.

    His works have prepared the development of the monetary and credit system in Germany and substantially influenced the central bank policy and financial practice before World War I.

Religion

Denomination: African Gospel

Connections

  • father: Joseph
  • mother: Marie
Adolf Wagner
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Born March 25, 1835
Died November 8, 1917
(aged 82)
Nationality
  • 1852 - 1857
    University of Gottingen
  • 1868 - 1872
    Chair of the Cameralistic subjects, Badensian University of Freiburg im Breisgau
    Freiburg im Breisgau

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Anastasia Biryukova last changed 11/11/2012 view changes
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