Lecturer sociology Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, 1964—1966. Associate professor sociology Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, 1966—1967, Yale University, New Haven, 1967—1971. Professor sociology University Singapore, 1971—1974.
Professor development studies University Bielefeld, Germany, 1974—2000, director Institute Study of World Society, 1998—2001. Senior fellow Center Development Research, Bonn, Germany, since 2000. Consultant World Bank, Jakarta, Indonesia, 1982—1983, Kfw German Development Bank.
Director International Center Ethnic Studies, Kandy, Sri Lanka, since 1995. Distinguished visiting professor National University Singapore, 1999. Visiting professor Singapore Management University, 2003.
- The Moral Economy of Trade: Ethnicity and Developing Markets
- While trade and markets are of interest to social scientists, the question of what can be bought from where, from whom, and at what price, is a matter of concern for most members of any society.
- Southeast Asian Urbanism: The Meaning and Power of Social Space
- Southeast Asian Urbanism is based on the results of over two decades of field research on cities and towns of Thailand, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore.
1964 - 1966
1966 - 1967
1967 - 1971
1971 - 1974