Party affiliation: Democratic Party
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born at 56 West 37th Street in New York City, to socialites Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt and Anna Rebecca Hall. From an early age, she preferred to be called by her middle name Eleanor. Through her father, she was a niece of President TheodoreRoosevelt. Through her mother, she was a niece of tennis champions Valentine Gill Hall III and Edward Ludlow Hall. She acted in such an old-fashioned manner as a child that her mother nicknamed her "Granny".
After her husband's death in 1945, Roosevelt continued to be an international author, speaker, politician, and activist for the New Deal coalition. She worked to enhance the status of working women, although she opposed the Equal Rights Amendment because she believed it would adversely affect women.
In the 1940s, Roosevelt was one of the co-founders of Freedom House and supported the formation of the United Nations. Roosevelt founded the UN Association of the United States in 1943 to advance support for the formation of the UN. She was a delegate to the UN General Assembly from 1945 and 1952, a job for which she was appointed by President Harry S. Truman and confirmed by the United States Senate. During her time at the United Nations she chaired the committee that drafted and approved the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Active in politics for the rest of her life, Roosevelt chaired the John F. Kennedy administration's ground-breaking committee which helped start second-wave feminism, the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women.
1889 - 1890
1890 - 1891
1898 - 1902
1902 - 1903
1903 - 1905
1924 - 1928
1926 - 1933
1929 - 1933
1933 - 1945
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