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Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin, American statesman, inventor, philosopher, writer. Founder of American Philosophical Society, 1743, Philadelphia City Hospital, 1751; founder of Academy for Education of Youth 1751, incorporated, 1753 (later College of Philadelphia, now University Pennsylvania).

Background

  • Franklin, Benjamin was born on January 17, 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts, United States.

  • Education

    • Self-educated; Master of Arts (honorary), Yale, 1753, Harvard, 1753, College William and Mary, 1756. Doctor of Laws (honorary), St. Andrews College, 1759. Doctor of Civil Law (honorary) Oxford (England) University, 1762.

    Career

    • Clerk Pennsylvania Assembly, 1736-1751, member from Philadelphia, 1751-1764. Deputy postmaster Philadelphia, 1737-1753. Joint dep postmaster general American colonies, 1753-1774.

      Pennsylvania representative at Albany (New York) Congress, 1754. Political agent Pennsylvania Assembly, sent to England to present case against Penn family for refusing to support defense expenditures, 1757-1762, returned to England to obtain recall of Pennsylvania Charter, 1766. Questioned before House of Commons during debates on repeal of Stamp Act, 1766.

      Colonial agent of Georgia, 1768, New Jersey, 1769, Massachusetts, 1770. Became 1st postmaster general. Member 2d Continental Congress, 1775.

      Appointed minister to France, 1778. Appointed a commissioner to negotiate peace with Great Britain, 1781, assumed responsibility for preliminary talks, peace treaty signed, 1783. Returned to Philadelphia, 1785.

      President Pennsylvania Executive Council, 1785-1787. Member United States Constitutional. Convention, 1787.

    Major achievements

    • in 1727 he established the "Junto," a debating club devoted to morals, politics, and natural philosophy.
    • established circulation library, Philadelphia, 1731
    • he founded the American Philosophical Society in 1743.
    • inventor Pennsylvania Fireplace (known as Franklin Stove), Fergusson's Clock, circa 1744, also bifocals.
    • performed kite experiment to test theory of identity of lightning and electricity, 1752.
    • clerk of the Pennsylvania assembly from 1736 to 1751.
    • a member of the Pennsylvania assembly, 1751 to 1764.
    • deputy postmaster at Philadelphia, 1737 to 1753.
    • postmaster general for the Colonies from 1753 to 1774.
    • submitted "Plan of Union" adopted by Congress but vetoed by colonial legislatures (later important in drafting Articles of Confederation and United States Constitution)
    • member committee to draft Declaration of Independence, also a signer, 1776
    • commissioner to negotiate treaty with France (only American with whom French Prime Minister Vergennes would deal), 1776, signed final commerce and defense alliance treaties, 1778
    • largely responsible for representation compromise actually incorporated in Constitution
    • a member of the Constitutional Convention which met in May 1787.
    • sign a memorial to Congress, February 12, 1790, asking for the abolition of slavery.

    Works

    Membership

    Founder American Philosophical Society, 1743, Philadelphia City Hospital, 1751. A founder Academy for Education of Youth 1751, incorporated, 1753 (later College of Philadelphia, now University Pennsylvania).
    • United States Constitutional

    • Pennsylvania representative at Albany (New York) Congress
      1754

    • 2d Continental Congress
      1775

    Connections

    • Son of Josiah and Abiah (Folger) F. Took Deborah Read as common law wife, September 1, 1730, later married, 2 children including Francis Folger, Sarah. 2 illegitimate children including William.
    • father: Josiah Franklin
    • mother: Abiah (Folger) Franklin
    Benjamin Franklin
    See on larger map
    Died April 17, 1790
    (aged 84)
    Nationality
    • 1762
      Yale
    • 1730 - 1750
      owner, The Pennsylvania Gazette
    • 1757 - 1762
      political agent Pennsylvania Assembly
    • 1766
      political agent Pennsylvania Assembly
    • 1785 - 1787
      president, Pennsylvania Executive Council

    Official Titles

    Award

    Contributor  

    Анна Коршун last changed 17/05/2017 view changes
    • Album
      • Photo
    • Works
      • Observations Concerning The Increase Of Mankind, Peopling Of Countries, &C [FACSIMILE]
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