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Rashid Alievich Sunyaev

Rashid Alievich Sunyaev, Uzbek physics professor. Achievements include research in the field of relativistic astrophysics and cosmology such as the standard theory of the disk accretion into black holes, analytical formula, description of the radiation spectrum resulting from comptonization of low frequency photons in the cloud of hot plasma; measurement of the absolute distance to the rich clusters of galaxies with hot intergalactic gas.

Background

  • Sunyaev, Rashid Alievich was born on March 1, 1943 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics.

  • Education

    • Student, Moscow Institute Physics and Technology, 1960—1966. Doctor of Philosophy student, Moscow Institute Physics and Technology, 1966—1968. Doctor of Philosophy in Astrophysics, Moscow University, 1968.

      Doctor of Science in Astrophysics, Moscow University, 1973.

    Career

    • Junior scientific researcher Institute Applied Mathematics Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1968-1971, senior scientific researcher Institute Applied Mathematics, 1971-1974, head Laboratory Theoretical Astrophysics, Space Research Institute, 1974-1982. Head, high energy astrophysics department, Space Research Institute Russian Academy of Sciences, 1982—2002, chief scientist, Space Research Institute, member space council, since 1992. Professor Moscow Institute Physics and Technology, 1975—2001.

      Managing director Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Garching, Germany, 1995—1996, director Germany, since 1996, scientific member, Kollegium, director Germany, since 1995. Adjunct professor Columbia University, 1990-1994. Regent professor University California, Berkeley, 1992.

      Bearden distinguished professional Johns Hopkins University, 1993, 94, 95. Visiting professor University Virginia, 1992. Visiting scientist Harvard-Smithsonian Center Astrophysics, 1992.

      Fairchild Distinguished Scholar, California Institute of Technology, 1993, Gordon Moore Distinguished Scholar, 2001, 2003. Bearden Distinguished professor, John Hopkins University, 1993, 1994, 1995. Honorary professor, Ludwig-Maximillian University, Munich, since 1999, Kazan State University, Russia, since 2000.

      Scott Lecturer, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge University, 2002. Bruno Rossi Lecturer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2002. Oort Professor, Leiden University, 2004.

      Sackler Lecturer on Astrophysics, Harvard University, 2005. Visiting scientist, Institute Advanced Study, Princeton, 2005. Bishop Lecturer on Astrophysics, Columbia University, 2005, Karl Jansky Lecturer, National Radioastronomy Observatory, 2005.

      Sackler Lecturer on Astrophysics, University Toronto, 2006.

    Major achievements

    • Achievements include research in the field of relativistic astrophysics and cosmology such as the standard theory of the disk accretion into black holes, analytical formula, description of the radiation spectrum resulting from comptonization of low frequency photons in the cloud of hot plasma. Measurement of the absolute distance to the rich clusters of galaxies with hot intergalactic gas.

    Works

    • Co-editor: Comments on Astrophysics, 1977-1998. Editor-in-chief: Astrophysics and Space Physics Revs., 1979-2003, Astronomy Letters-The Journal of Astronomy and Space Astrophysics, since 1985.

      Member editorial board Space Science Revs., since 1988. Member advisory board Kluwer Scientific Publication, since 1995.

    Membership

    Fellow Royal Astronom. Society (foreign, Gold medal, 1995, Sir Massey Gold Medal and award 1998). Member American Physical Society, American Astronomical Society (honorary, High Energy Astrophysics Division, Bruno Rossi prize, 1989, Dannie Heinemann prize for Astrophysics, 2003, Henry Norris Russell Lectureship, 2008), American Association for the Advancement of Science (honorary foreign associate), NAS(foreign associate), International Academy Astronautics (Basic Sciences award 1991), International Astronom.

    Union (Grueber Cosmology prize and Gold medal, (awarded along with) Peter Gruber Foundation, 2003), European Astronom. Society (vice president 1991-1993), Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (honorary), Bashkortostan Academy of Sciences (honorary), Max-Planck Society (scientific member), Commonwealth of Independent States Astronom. Society (First prize 1995), CSU Committee on Space Research (vice president 1986-1994), Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics Academy of Sciences (correspondent member), Russian Academy of Sciences, Academia Europaea, German Academy Natural Scientists Leopoldina, Royal Netherlands Academy Arts and Sciences.

    Connections

    • Married Gyusal Sunyaeva. 4 children.
    • spouse: Gyusal Sunyaeva
    Rashid Alievich Sunyaev
    See on larger map
    • 1968
      Moscow University
    • 1973
      Moscow University
    • 1968 - 1971
      Junior scientific researcher, Institute Applied Mathematics Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics Academy Sciences
      Moscow, Idaho, United States
    • 1975 - 2001
      professor, Moscow Institute Physics and Technology
    • 1982 - 2002
      head
    • 1995 - 1996
      managing director, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics
      Garching, Bayern, Germany, Germany
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