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Joel Barlow

Joel Barlow, American poet, diplomat. member Constitutional Society; member United States Military Philosophical Society, American Philosophical Society.

Background

  • Barlow, Joel was born on March 24, 1754 in Reading, Connecticut, United States. Son of Samuel and Esther (Hull) Barlow.

  • Education

    • Graduated from Yale, 1778.

    Career

    • After attending Dartmouth College and graduating from Yale in 1778, Barlow embarked on a highly varied career; at various times he taught school, managed a store, edited a newspaper, preached, entered the army, and became a lawyer. As one of the "Hartford Wits," he also contributed to The Anarchiad (1786, 1787).

      A much more ambitious work was a revised version of the Psalms. All of this, moreover, was incidental to the composition of his "great American epic," which he first published as The Vision of Columbus (1787). After 1788 Barlow spent the next 17 years in Europe and there was closely associated with Thomas Paine, Horne Tooke, William Godwin, Joseph Priestley, and other liberals; as a result of his republican writings during these years, chief of which were The Conspiracy of Kings (1792) and Advice to the Privileged Orders (1792), he was made an honorary citizen of France. There he wrote his charming and often anthologized mock-heroic Hasty Pudding (1796). In 1795 Barlow served as the United States consul to Algiers and later acted as his country's minister to France. After his return to America in 1805, he issued The Columbiad, a revision of his earlier Vision of Columbus, but his Prospectus of a National Institution to be Established in the United States, published in the same year, probably brought him as much contemporary fame as any of his hard-wrought poetical writings. In this later period of his life he was an intimate of Jefferson and Madison and collaborated with Robert Fulton. In 1811 Barlow was appointed United States plenipotentiary to negotiate a commercial treaty with France, but although he attempted to reach Napoleon during the Russian campaign, his efforts were unsuccessful.

    Works

    • The Vision of Columbus (1787)
    • The Conspiracy of Kings (1792)
    • Advice to the Privileged Orders (1792)
    • Hasty Pudding (1796)

    Membership

    Member Constitutional Society. Member United States Military Philosophical Society, American Philosophical Society.

    Connections

    • Married Ruth Baldwin, 1781.
    • father: Samuel Barlow
    • mother: Esther (Hull) Barlow
    • spouse: Ruth Baldwin
    Joel Barlow
    See on larger map
    Died December 24, 1812
    (aged 58)
    Nationality
    • 1778
      Yale University

    Contributor  

    Eugenia Pavlovskaya last changed 05/04/2014 view changes

    Olga Borisik

    last changed 31/07/2017 view changes
    • Works
      • The Vision of Columbus (1787)
      • The Conspiracy of Kings (1792)
      • Advice to the Privileged Orders (1792)
      • Hasty Pudding (1796)
      • The Columbiad
      • Prospectus of a National Institution to be Established in the United States
      • Prospectus of a National Institution to be Established in the United States
      • The Columbiad
      • Hasty Pudding (1796)
      • Advice to the Privileged Orders (1792)
      • The Conspiracy of Kings (1792)
      • The Vision of Columbus (1787)
    • College/University
      • Dartmouth College
        • present
        • Main photo
      • Yale University
        • present
        • Main photo
    • Address
    • Family description
    • General Info
    • Background
    • Membership description
    • Works
      • The Vision of Columbus (1787)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • The Conspiracy of Kings (1792)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • Advice to the Privileged Orders (1792)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • Hasty Pudding (1796)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • The Columbiad
        • Link
        • Works description
      • Prospectus of a National Institution to be Established in the United States
        • Link
        • Works description
    • Relatives
      • Esther (Hull) Barlow
    • School and college years description
    • Personality
    • Quotes from others about the person
    • Physical Characteristics
    • Relatives
      • Ruth Baldwin
    • Relatives
      • Samuel Barlow
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