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Paul Ricoeur

Paul Ricoeur, French philosopher, literary critic. Decorated Croix de Guerre with palme; recipient Prix Cavailles, 1951, Prix Hegel République fédérale d'Allemagne, 1985, Prix Karl-Jaspers de l'université de Heidelberg, 1990, Prix Leopold Lucas de l'université de Tubingen, 1989, Grand prix de philosophie de l'Académie française, 1991. Served French Army, 1936-1937, 39-45, prisoner of war, 1940-1945.

Background

  • Ricoeur, Paul was born on February 27, 1913 in Valence, France. Son of Jules and Florentine (Favre) Ricoeur.

  • Education

    • Graduate, University Rennes, France, 1932. Graduate, University Sorbonne, Paris, 1935. Doctor of Letters, University Sorbonne, Paris, 1950.

      Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), University Basel, Switzerland, 1964. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), University Montreal, 1968. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), University Chicago, 1969.

      Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), University Nijmegen, 1970. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), Ohio State University, 1970. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), DePaul University, 1973.

      Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), University Zurich, Switzerland, 1973. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), Boston College, 1975.

    Career

    • High School teacher, Saint-Brieuc, France, 1933-1934, Colmar, France, 1935-1936, Lorient, France, 1937-1939. Attaché de recherche Center National de la Recherche Science, 1945-1948. Professor philosophy University Strasbourg, France, 1948-1957, University Paris, Sorbonne, France, 1957-1967, University Paris-X, Nantone, 1967-1981.

      Visiting professor Yale University, New Haven, 1964, University Montréal, 1965, University Louvain, 1970. John Nuveen professor of Philosophy, University Chicago, 1971.

    Works

    Views

    The first stage in Paul Ricoeur's thought, reinforced by his study of the works of Jaspers in a prisoner of war camp in Germany during the Second World War, is existentialist. This existentialist basis then shifts towards phenomenology and the philosophies of Husserl and Heidegger — Ricoeur translated the first volume of Husserl's Ideen into French. After phenomenology, or more precisely from within phenomenology, his thought proceeds to a philosophical hermeneutics, the proper term for Ricoeur’s mature philosophy.

    Philosophical hermeneutics studies the diverse structures through which meaning can be brought to the subject, structures such as culture, religion, society and language: it owes much to phenomenological study of experience but at the same time offers a powerful critique of the foundations of traditional phenomenologyPhilosophical hemcncutics brings together two strands of hermeneutics corresponding to two of Ricoeur’s main interests: Biblical interpretation and the philosophical question of textual interpretation as found in Schleiermacher, Dilthey, Heidegger and Gadamer. Here, the self-transparent autonomous sujectivity at the foundation of phenomenology is replaced by the need to interpret meaning as carried by various structures. For Ricoeur the meaning carried by structures such as texts cannot be known absolutely and thus the subject cannot claim to absolute knowledge or self-knowledge.

    If the central question for philosophical hermeneutics is that of meaning then its guiding principle is that the many sources of meaning cannot be reconciled into a single account or discourse. Ricoeur's work is the attentive study of these various discourses and of how they impinge on the subject and undo any attempt to bring them together into one. Ricoeur’s work is important in debates on phenomenology, existentialism, hermeneutics, critical theory, deconstruction and poststructuralism.

    It offers a philosophy that mediates between the traditional position put forward by philosophers such as Gadamer in hermeneutics and Husserl in phenomenology and the post' structuralist critiques of those positions as encountered in the work of Derrida or Lyotard.

    Membership

    Served French Army, 1936-1937, 39-45, prisoner of war, 1940-1945.

    Personality

    Interests

    Philosophers & Thinkers : Jaspers. Marcel, Husserl, Heidegger, Gadamer and Freud.

    Phenomenology; existentialism. Literary theory; Biblical studies.

    Connections

    • Married Simone Lejas, August 14, 1935. Children: Jean-Paul, Marc, Noëlle, Olivier (deceased), Etienne.
    • father: Jules Ricoeur
    • mother: Florentine (Favre) Ricoeur
    • spouse: Simone Lejas
    • children: Jean-Paul Ricoeur
    • Marc Ricoeur
    • Noëlle Ricoeur
    • Olivier Ricoeur (deceased)
    • Etienne Ricoeur
    Paul Ricoeur
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    Born February 27, 1913
    Died May 20, 2005
    (aged 92)
    Nationality
    Ethnicity:
    • 1932
      University Rennes
    • 1935
      University Sorbonne
    • 1950
      University Sorbonne
    • 1964
      University Basel
    • 1968
      University Montreal
    • 1969
      University Chicago
    • 1970
      University Nijmegen
    • 1970
      Ohio State University
    • 1973
      DePaul University
    • 1973
      University Zürich
    • 1975
      Boston College
    • 1933 - 1934
      High School teacher
      Saint-brieuc, Bretagne, France
    • 1935 - 1936
      High School teacher
      Colmar, Pennsylvania, United States
    • 1937 - 1939
      High School teacher
      Lorient, Bretagne, France
    • 1945 - 1948
      attach+? de recherche Center National de la Recherche Science
    • 1948 - 1957
      professor, philosophy University Strasbourg
      France
    • 1957 - 1967
      professor, philosophy University Strasbourg
      France
    • 1967 - 1981
      professor, philosophy University Strasbourg
    • show more ...

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    Анна Коршун last changed 04/07/2017 view changes
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    • Career
      • philosophy University Strasbourg
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      • philosophy University Strasbourg
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      • philosophy University Strasbourg
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    • Works
      • Writings include: Karl Jaspers et la philosophie de l'existence, 1947, Gabriel Marcel et Karl Jaspers: Philosophie du mystere et philosophie du paradoxe, 1948, Philosophie de la volonté, 3 vols., 1950-1960, Histoire et vérité, 1955, Etre: Essence et substance chez Platon et Aristotle, 1960, Husserl: An Analysis of His Phenomenology, 1968, De l'Interprétation: Essai sur Freud, 1967, (with others) Pourquoi la philosophie?, 1968, Le Conflit des interprétations: Essais d'hermeneutique, 1969, (with Alistair MacIntyre) The Religious Significance of Atheism, 1969, Les Incidences theologiques des recherches actuelles concernant le langage, 1969, (with Leon Dion and Edward Sheffield) L'Enseignement superieur: Bilans et prospective, 1971, Political and Social Essays, 1974, La Métaphore vive, 1975, (with others) Les Cultures et le temps: Etudes preparees pour L'United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 1975, (with Emmanuel Levinas and Xavier Tilliette) Jean Wahl et Gabriel Marcel, 1976, (with others) La Revelation, 1977, La Sémantique de l'action, 1977, The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur: An Anthology of His Work, 1978, Main Treads in Philosophy, 1978, The Contribution of French Historiography to the Theory of History, 1980, Essays on Biblical Interpretation, 1980, Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences: Essays on Language, Action and Interpretation, 1981, Temps et récit, 1983, La Configuration du temps dans le récit de fiction, 1984, Le temps raconté, 1986, Du texte à l'action, 1986, Soi-même comme un autre, 1990, Lectures I, 1991, Lecture II, 1992, Lectures III, 1993. Editor: Historie de la philosophie allemande, 3d edition, 1954, L'Homme et sa raison, 1956.
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      • book: Husserl: An Analysis of His Phenomenology (Studies in Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy)
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      • book: [(Husserl: An Analysis of His Phenomenology)] [Author: Paul Ricoeur] published on (November, 2007)
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      • book: The Religious Significance of Atheism
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      • book: The Religious Significance of Atheism Hardcover June, 1969
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      • book: The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur: An Anthology of His Work
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      • book: The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur: An Anthology of His Work
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      • book: The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur: An Anthology of His Work by Paul Ricoeur (1997) Paperback
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      • book: The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur; an Anthology of His Work, edited by Charles E. Reagan and David Stewart.
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      • book: Contribution of French Historiography to the Theory of History (Zaharoff Lectures)
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      • book: Essays on Biblical Interpretation
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      • book: Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences: Essays on Language, Action and Interpretation
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      • book: Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences: Essays on Language, Action and Interpretation
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      • book: Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences: Essays on Language, Action and Interpretation by Ricoeur, Paul (1981) Paperback
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      • book: Paul Ricoeur. Hermeneutics & the Human Sciences. Essays on Language, Action, and Interpretation.
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      • book: [ Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences: Essays on Language, Action and Interpretation[ HERMENEUTICS AND THE HUMAN SCIENCES: ESSAYS ON LANGUAGE, ACTION AND INTERPRETATION ] By Ricur, Paul ( Author )Aug-31-1981 Hardcover By Ricur, Paul ( Author ) Hardcover 2
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      • book: Biblical Interpretation and Method: Essays in Honour of John Barton
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      • book: Biblical Interpretation and Method: Essays in Honour of John Barton 1st edition by Dell, Katharine J., Joyce, Paul M. (2013) Hardcover
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      • book: Political and Social Essays
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      • book: Essays on Biblical interpretation. Edited with an introduction by Lewis S. Mudge.
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      • book: Saved by the Light: The True Story of a Man Who Died Twice and the Profound Revelations He Received
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    • Relatives
      • Jean-Paul Ricoeur
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      • Marc Ricoeur
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      • Noëlle Ricoeur
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      • Olivier Ricoeur (deceased)
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      • Etienne Ricoeur
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      • Florentine (Favre) Ricoeur
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      • Simone Lejas
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      • Jules Ricoeur
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