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Herbert Clark Hoover

Herbert Clark Hoover, 31st President of the United States. Recipient John O'Hara Cosgrave Gold medal award, Dutch Treat Club of New York, Gold medal International Benjamin Franklin Society, 1954; recipient 296 Gold medals from American, foreign organizations and societies; named honorary citizen of 24 European cities.

Background

  • Hoover, Herbert Clark was born on August 10, 1874 in West Branch, Iowa, United States. Son of Jesse Clark and Hulda Randall (Minthorn) Hoover.

  • Education

    • Stanford University, Bachelor of Arts, 1895. Honorary degrees from Brown University, University of Pennsylvania, Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Princeton, Johns Hopkins, George Washington, Dartmouth, Rutgers, University of Alabama, Oberlin, Liege, Brussels, Warsaw, Cracow, Oxford, Rensselaer, Tufts, Swarthmore, Williams, Manchester, Prague, Ghent, Lemberg, Cornell College.

    Career

    • Engineer mines, railroads, metallurgical works, United States and abroad, 1895-1913. Representative Panama-Pacific International Exposition, Europe, 1913-1914. Chairman American Relief Committee, London, 1914-1915, Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1915-1919.

      United States food administrator, 1917-1919. United States secretary commerce Cabinets of President Harding and Coolidge, 1921-1929. President United States, 1929-1933.

      During World War I, member War Trade Council, chairman United States Grain Corporation, United States Sugar Equalization Board, Interallied Food Council, Supreme Economic Council, European Coal Council. Chairman American Relief Administration from 1919. Vice chairman President Wilson's 2d Industrial Conference, 1920.

      Chairman European Relief Council from 1920. Member advisory committee, Limitation of Armaments Conference, 1921, World War Debt Committee, etc. Chairman Colorado River Commission.

      Chairman Special Mississippi Flood Relief Commission, 1927. At request of President Truman, undertook coordination of world food supplies of 38 countries, 1946, and study of economic stiuation in Germany and Austria, 1947. Chairman Commission on Organization Executive Branch Government, 1947-1949, chairman 2d commission, 1953-1955.

      Guest of Federal Republican Germany, 1954. Member advisory board World Bank Reconstrn. and Development.

    Works

    • American Individualism
    • "Progress will march if we hold an abiding faith in the intelligence, the initiative, the character, the courage, and the divine touch in the individual.

    Politics

    Party affiliation: Republican

    Membership

    Renominated for President, Republican National Convention, 1932 (defeated). Trustee Stanford University, Mills College, Carnegie Institute Washington, Henry E. Huntington Library. and Art Gallery. Chairman C.R.B. Educational Fund, American Children's Fund, Boys' Clubs American, Finnish Relief Fund, Inc., Robert A. Taft Memorial Foundation.

    Honorary member Woodrow Wilson Centenniel Celebration Commission. Honorary chairman National Fund Medical Education, Health Information Foundation. Member American Institute Mining and Megall.

    Engineer (pres 1920), American Engineering Council (president 1921), American Child Health Association (president 1922). Honorary member 56 science and technical societies.

    Connections

    • Married Lou Henry, February 10, 1899 (deceased January 7, 1944). Children: Herbert, Allan Henry.
    • father: Jesse Clark Hoover
    • mother: Hulda Randall (Minthorn) Hoover
    • spouse: Lou Henry
    • children: Herbert Hoover
    • Allan Henry Hoover
    Herbert Clark Hoover
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    Born August 10, 1874
    Died October 20, 1964
    (aged 90)
    • 1895
      Stanford University
    • 1895 - 1913
      Engineer, mines
    • 1913 - 1914
      representative Panama-Pacific Intern, ational Exposition
      Europe
    • 1914 - 1915
      chairman, American Relief Committee
      London, Mpumalanga, South Africa
    • 1915 - 1919
      chairman, American Relief Committee
    • 1917 - 1919
      United States food administrator
    • 1921 - 1929
      United States secretary, commerce Cabinets of President Harding and Coolidge
    • 1929 - 1933
      president, United States
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