At this time he took a more cautious attitude, seeking to soften socialism so as to make it more palatable to the American people. His model was now the British Labor party, which was achieving electoral success in Britain. His views roused the ire of Lenin, who called him a social traitor and excluded him from membership in the Communist International.
Hillquit continued to anger the left-wingers with his cautious altitude to strikes, his agreement to government-dictated arbitration agreements, and his indifference to democratic reform within the unions.
Party affiliation: Democrat