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Florence Nightingale (The Lady with the Lamp)

Florence Nightingale was a celebrated English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing. She came to prominence while serving as a nurse during the Crimean War, where she tended to wounded soldiers. She was dubbed "The Lady with the Lamp" after her habit of making rounds at night.


  • Nightingale was educated mainly by her father.Her father had progressive social views, providing his daughter with a classical education, including studies in German, French and Italian.

    Between 31 July to 13 August 1850 Nightingale made her first visit to the Institute of Protestant Deaconesses at Kaiserswerth. Her visit convinced Nightingale of the possibilities of making nursing a vocation for ladies. In 1851 she spent four months at Kaiserswerth, training as a sick nurse.

Major achievements

  • In the Crimea on 29 November 1855, the Nightingale Fund was established for the training of nurses to recognize Nightingale for her work in the war.
  • In 1859 was elected the first female member of the Royal Statistical Society and she later became an honorary member of the American Statistical Association.

  • In 1860 laid the foundation of professional nursing with the establishment of her nursing school at St Thomas' Hospital in London. It was the first secular nursing school in the world, now part of King's College London.
  • Became a pioneer in the visual presentation of information and statistical graphics.
  • Credited with developing a form of the pie chart now known as the polar area diagram, or occasionally the Nightingale rose diagram, equivalent to a modern circular histogram, in order to illustrate seasonal sources of patient mortality.
  • In 1912 the International Committee of the Red Cross instituted the Florence Nightingale Medal, awarded every two years to nurses or nursing aides for outstanding service.

  • International Nurses Day is celebrated on her birthday each year.


  • Notes on Hospitals
  • Notes on Nursing for the Labouring Classes
  • Suggestions for Thought to Searchers after Religious Truth
  • Notes on Nursing


She remained in the Church of England throughout her life, albeit with unorthodox views.

Nightingale was a believer in universal reconciliation - the concept that even those who die without being saved will eventually make it to Heaven.

Despite her intense personal devotion to Christ, Nightingale believed for much of her life that the pagan and eastern religions had also contained genuine revelation.

Denomination: Anglican


  • Royal Statistical Society , United Kingdom

  • American Statistical Association , United States





  • father: William Edward Nightingale - United Kingdom
    A noted English Unitarian.
  • mother: Frances Nightingale - United Kingdom
    A strong supporter of the abolition of slavery.
  • Sister: Frances Parthenope Verney - United Kingdom - writer
    She wrote stories and articles for Fraser's Magazine, Cornhill Magazine, Macmillan's Magazine and published several novels and a two volume book.
  • Paternal grandmother: Mary Shore - United Kingdom
  • Grandfather on the paternal side: William Shore - United Kingdom - banker
  • Maternal grandfather: William Smith - United Kingdom - politician
    He was a leading independent British politician, sitting as Member of Parliament for more than one constituency.
  • friend: Sidney Herbert
    Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea was an English statesman and a close ally and confidant of Florence Nightingale.
Florence Nightingale
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Born May 12, 1820
Died August 13, 1910
(aged 90)
  • August 22, 1853 - October, 1854
    Superintendent , Institute for the Care of Sick Gentlewomen
    London, United Kingdom
  • November 4, 1854 - August, 1856
    Superintendent , Female Nursing Establishment of the English General Hospitals



Alena Buldygo last changed 20/04/2013 view changes
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    • work: Notes on Hospitals
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    • book: Notes on Nursing
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    • work: Notes on Nursing for the Labouring Classes
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    • Three-volumed work: Suggestions for Thought to Searchers after Religious Truth
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