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Yuanpei Cai (Heqing, Jiemin, Jienong)

Cai Yuanpei was a Chinese educator and the chancellor of Peking University, known for his critical evaluations of Chinese culture that led to the influential May Fourth Movement. In his thinking, Cai Yuanpei was heavily influenced by Anarchism. Cai Yuanpei proposed five types of education: military/citizenship, practical matters, morality, worldview, and aesthetics, which formed the foundation of the new education system.


  • Cai Yuanpei (AD 1868-1940), with the courtesy names Heqing and Jiemin and the literary name Jienong, was born in Shanyin of Shaoxing (today's Yuecheng).

  • Politics

    In AD 1904, Cai Yuanpei established an anti-Qing revolutionary party in Shanghai and became its first president. He highly valued academic freedom, allowing different schools of thought to develop on campus. He practised intellectual freedom and had an all-embracing attitude towards education. He was in favour of wiping out feudalism, old customs, and classical Chinese.

    Yuanpei Cai
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    Born 1868
    Died 1940
    (aged 72)
    • 1894 - 1898
      a proofreader, the Hanlin Academy
    • 1898
      superintendent, Shaoxing Chinese-Western School
    • 1907
      the University of Leipzig in Germany
    • 1912
      the provisional Republic's Minister of Education
    • 1917 - 1923
      the chancellor of Peking University, the Peking University


    Masha Aniskovich last changed 29/04/2013 view changes
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