- From 1873 to 1882 he was professor of geology at Beloit College, where he began research on glacial deposits. Chamberlin became head of the glacial division of the United States Geological Survey in 1882, a position he held until 1887, when he resigned to become president of the University of Wisconsin. From 1892 to 1919 he was head of the University of Chicago's geology department. He studied glaciers in Switzerland in 1878 and in Greenland as geologist of the Peary Relief Expedition in 1894. Chamberlin also made vital contributions to the study of geological climates and to solar geology.
Born September 25, 1843