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Averell William Harriman

W. Averell Harriman, American industrialist and financier, had a distinguished second career as a top-level diplomatic negotiator for five Democratic presidents. He was Governor of New York for one term.

Background

  • Harriman was born in 1891 during the administration of President Benjamin Harrison and died in 1986 during Ronald Reagan's first term; he first visited Siberia under the reign of Czar Nicholas II at age 7, and at age 91 made his last visit to Moscow to meet the new Soviet leader, Yuri Andropov. As a 35 year-old investment banker and industrialist, Harriman conducted mining negotiations with Leon Trotsky, and subsequently dealt directly as a diplomat with every Soviet leader from Stalin to Andropov. He worked on New Deal projects for President Franklin Roosevelt, and in 1943 was appointed Ambassador to the Soviet Union by FDR.

  • Education

    • In Yale Averell Harriman joined the Skull and Bones society. He graduated in 1913. After graduating, he inherited the largest fortune in America and became Yale's youngest Crew coach.

    Career

    • Harriman's effective work as chief of the raw materials branch in the Office of Production Management in 1941 led to his appointment as defense expediter. In this capacity he made trips to London, the Near East, and Moscow to discuss lend-lease possibilities. He attended the Quebec, Casablanca, Moscow, Tehran, San Francisco, and Potsdam conferences.

    Major achievements

    • He was U. S. ambassador to the The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics from 1943 to 1946 and ambassador to Great Britain in 1946. When Henry A. Wallace was forced to resign as secretary of commerce in September 1946, Harriman succeeded him. In 1947 he headed the group of civilians established by President Truman to make a report on American resources available for the European Recovery Program. In 1948, he resigned as secretary of commerce to become special United States representative abroad for the Economic Cooperation Administration.

    Religion

    Denomination: Roman Catholic

    Averell Harriman
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    Born November 15, 1891
    Died July 26, 1986
    (aged 94)
    Nationality
    Ethnicity:
    • 1915 - 1917
      Vice President, Union Pacific Railroad
    • 1915 - 1946
      Director, Illinois Central Railroad Company
    • 1915 - 1954
      Member, Palisades Interstate Park Commission
    • 1917 - 1925
      Chairman, Merchant Shipbuilding Corporation
    • 1920 - 1931
      Chairman, W. A. Harriman & Company
    • 1925 - 1928
      Partner, Soviet Georgian Manganese Concessions
    • 1931 - 1942
      Chairman, executive committee, Illinois Central Railroad
    • 1931 - 1946
      Senior partner, Brown Brothers Harriman & Company
    • 1932 - 1946
      Chairman, Union Pacific Railroad
    • 1934 - 1935
      Administrator and Special Assistant, National Recovery Administration
    • 1935 - 1937
      Co-founder, Today magazine
    • 1936 - 1936
      Founder, Sun Valley Ski Resort
      Idaho, United States
    • 1937 - 1939
      Chairman, Business Advisory Council
    • 1941 - 1941
      Chief, Materials Branch & Production Division, Office of Production Management
    • 1941 - 1943
      United States Ambassador & Special Representative to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
    • 1941 - 1943
      Ambassador & Special Representative of the United States President's Special Mission to the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics
    • 1943 - 1946
      United States Ambassador to the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics
    • 1946 - 1946
      United States Ambassador to Britain
    • 1946 - 1948
      United States Secretary of Commerce
    • 1948 - 1950
      United States Coordinator, European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan)
    • 1950 - 1952
      Special Assistant to the United States President
    • 1951 - 1952
      United States Representative and Chairman, North Atlantic Commission on Defense Plans
    • 1951 - 1953
      Director, Mutual Security Agency
    • 1952 - 1952
      Candidate, Democratic nomination for United States President
    • 1955 - 1958
      Governor, State of New York
    • 1956 - 1956
      Candidate, Democratic nomination for United States President
    • 1961 - 1961
      United States Ambassador-at-large
    • 1961 - 1962
      United States Deputy Representative, International Conference on the Settlement of the Laotian
    • 1961 - 1963
      Assistant United States Secretary of State, Far Eastern Affairs
    • 1963 - 1963
      Special Representative to the United States President, Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
    • 1963 - 1965
      Under Secretary of State, Political Affairs
    • 1965 - 1969
      United States Ambassador-at-large
    • 1968 - 1968
      Chairman, President's Commission of the Observance of Human Rights Year
    • 1968 - 1969
      Personal Representative of the United States President, Peace Talks with North Vietnam
    • 1976 - 1976
      Chairman, Foreign Policy Task Force, Democratic National Committee
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    Contributor  

    Анна Миронова last changed 18/08/2014 view changes
    • Religions
      • (Roman) Catholicism
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