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Claude-Nicolas Ledoux

Claude-Nicolas Ledoux was a French architect, one of the earliest exponents of French Neoclassical architecture.

Career

  • Claude-Nicolas Ledoux irst learned his trade in Paris; his teacher, Jacques Francois Blondel, was a champion of Neo-Classicism.

    His first job, in local government, took Ledoux out of the capital.

    In the provinces of Burgundy and Champagne his responsibilities covered the construction of bridges, schools and transport routes, as welt as farming matters and farmers' living conditions. At the same time, the young architect made the acquaintance of high administrative officials, from whose ranks many of his later commissions came.

    With the outbreak of the French Revolution, Ledoux' public and private commissions dried up, in 1793, the former royal architect even spent a short time in prison. During his last years, he devoted himself to his writings on architectural theory, the first (and only) volume appearing two years before his death.

Major achievements

  • Ledoux' approach was eclectic, and he sometimes quoted from classical antiquity, at other times from the Italian Renaissance or French Neo-Classicism.

    In his facade for the Hotel d’Uzes, for example, he employed the Baroque, while for the Hotel d’Halwyll he drew upon Neo-Classicism.
Claude-Nicolas Ledoux
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Born March 21, 1736
Died November 18, 1806
(aged 70)
  • 1764
    the Departement des Eaux et Forets
    Burgundy
  • 1764 - 1766
    Hotel d'Hallwyl
    Paris
  • 1769 - 1771
    Hotel Montmorency
  • 1771
    commiisoire du Roi
  • 1774 - 1779
    The Royal Saline d'Arc-et- Senans
  • 1775 - 1783
    Theater at Besancon
  • 1776
    A prison and Palace of Justice in Aix-en-Provence
  • 1778 - 1781
    Hotel Thelusson