Before he decided to study mathematics, Gottfried Semper chose a career as a professional army officer. Even when he finally attended the Munich academy of architecture, his enthusiasm for it was still muted. Yet he was to have a profound impact on German architecture.
1838-41 The Hoftheater, Dresden (demolished)
1840 Synagogue. Dresden (demolished)
1848 Palais Oppenheim. Diesden (demolished)
1850 Moves to London
1855 Moves to Zurich
1858-63 The Polytechnikum. Zurich (today ETH)
1860-63 Works on his book Style
1862 Observatonum, Zurich
1869 Moves to Vienna
1870-78 Rebuilding of the Dresden Hoftheater (also demolished)
1874 Work begins on the Vienna Burgtheater
Gottfried Semper designed and built the Semper Opera House in Dresden between 1838 and 1841.
Semper wrote extensively about the origins of architecture (The Four Elements of Architecture, 1851).
He was one of the major figures in the controversy surrounding the polychrome architectural style of ancient Greece. Semper designed works at all scales, from a baton for Richard Wagner to major urban interventions like the re-design of the Ringstraße in Vienna.