logo logo

Vladimir Iosifovich Veksler

Vladimir VEKSLER, USSR Physicist. Full member, USSR Academy of Science, since 1958; Head, High Energy Laboratory, Dubna Joint Nuclear Research Institute, since 1956. Order of Lenin; Lenin Prize, 1959. Member, Communist Party, since 1937.

Background

  • Vladimir Iosifovich Veksler was a prominent Soviet experimental physicist.

  • Education

    • Veksler's family moved from Zhitomir to Moscow in 1915. In 1931 he graduated from the Moscow Power Engineering Institute.

    Career

    • He began working at the Lebedev Physical Institute in 1936, and became involved in particle detector development and the study of cosmic rays. He participated in a number of expeditions to the Pamir Mountains and to Mount Elbrus, which were devoted to the study of cosmic ray composition. In 1944, he began working in the field of accelerator physics, where he became famous for the invention of the microtron, and the development of the synchrotron in independence to Edwin McMillan, pursuing the development of modern particle accelerators.

      In 1956 he established and became the first director of the Laboratory of High Energy at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, where the Synchrophasotron, that, along with Protvino, incorporated the largest circular proton accelerators in the world at their time, was constructed under his leadership.

      From 1946-1957, he was a corresponding member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Veksler became a full member of the Academy in 1958. In 1963 he was appointed head of the Nuclear Physics Department of the Academy. In 1965, Veksler established the journal Nuclear Physics (Yadernaya Fizika) and became its first editor-in-chief.

      He received numerous honours, including the Stalin Prize in 1951, the American Atoms for Peace Award in 1963 and the Lenin Prize in 1959.

      Streets in Dubna, Odessa, Zhytomyr and CERN are named in his honour.

    Politics

    Member, Communist Party, since 1937.

    Religion

    Religion is always aggressive against any new scientific ideas.

    Views

    Marxism–Leninism as the only truth could not, by its very nature, become outdated.

    Membership

    Member, USSR Academy of Sciences from 1958. Communist Party member from 1937.
    Vladimir Veksler
    See on larger map
    Born March 4, 1907
    Died September 22, 1966
    (aged 59)
    Nationality
    Ethnicity:
    • 1931
      Moscow Power Engineering Institute
      Moscow, Moscow City, Russian Federation
    • 1936
      Physicist, Lebedev Physical Institute
      Moscow City, Russian Federation
    • 1956
      Director of the Laboratory of High Energy, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
      Dubna, Moskva, Russian Federation

    Award