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Erskine Caldwell

Erskine Caldwell, American author. Decorated L'Ordre du Merite Culturel (Poland); Commander L'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (France); recipient Yale Review $1,000 award for fiction, 1933. Member Authors League American, American Academy and Institute Arts and Letters, International P.E.N., Euphemian Literature Society, Raven Society Clubs: Phoenix Press, San Francisco Press.

Background

  • Caldwell, Erskine was born on December 17, 1903 in Moreland, Georgia, United States. Son of Ira Sylvester and Caroline Preston (Bell) Caldwell.

  • Education

    • Student, Erskine College, South Carolina, 1921. Student, University Virginia, 1926. Student, University Pennsylvania, 1924.

    Career

    • Newspaper writer, 1925. Cotton picker, stage hand, professional football player, book reviewer, lecturer, editor. Motion picture screen writer Hollywood, California, 1933-1934, 42-43.

      Correspondent Mexico, Spain, Czechoslovakia, 1938-1939, China, Mongolia, Turkestan, 1940. Editor American Folkways, 1940-1955. War correspondent Life magazine, Prime Minister, Columbia Broadcasting System, Russia, 1941.

    Works

    • Tobacco Road (Play)
    • Jack Kirkland adapted from the novel by Erskine Caldwell Full Length, Comedy Characters: 6 male, 5 female Exterior Set The story of the Lester's of "Tobacco Road", of father Jeeter who dreams of planting a garden beside his ramshackle home, the idiotic son who marries a ravenous evangelist and drives an automobile to destruction, a daughter with strong sexual inclinations, another who is sold into marriage for $7.
    • You Have Seen Their Faces
    • In the middle years of the Great Depression, Erskine Caldwell and photographer Margaret Bourke-White spent eighteen months traveling across the back roads of the Deep South—from South Carolina to Arkansas—to document the living conditions of the sharecropper.
    • Call it experience;: The years of learning how to write
    • This memoir presents an engaging self-portrait of Erskine Caldwell's first thirty years as a writer, with special emphasis on his long and hard apprenticeship before he emerged as one of the most widely read and controversial authors of his time.

    Membership

    Member Authors League American, American Academy and Institute Arts and Letters, International P.E.N., Euphemian Literature Society, Raven Society Clubs: Phoenix Press, San Francisco Press.

    Connections

    • Married Helen Lannigan, March 3, 1925. Children– Erskine Preston, Dabney Withers, Janet. Married Margaret Bourke-White, February 27, 1939.

      Married June Johnson, December 21, 1942. 1 child, Jay Erskine. Married Virginia Moffett Fletcher, January 1, 1957.
    • father: Ira Sylvester Caldwell
    • mother: Caroline Preston (Bell) Caldwell
    • spouses: Helen Lannigan
    • Margaret Bourke-White
    • June Johnson
    • Virginia Moffett Fletcher
    • children: Erskine Preston Caldwell
    • Dabney Withers Caldwell
    • Janet Caldwell
    • Jay Erskine Caldwell
    Erskine Caldwell
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    Born December 17, 1903
    Died April 11, 1987
    (aged 83)
    Nationality
    • 1921
      Erskine College
    • 1926
      University Virginia
    • 1924
      University Pennsylvania
    • 1925
      Newspaper writer
    • 1933 - 1934
      motion picture screen writer, Hollywood
      California, United States
    • 1938 - 1939
      correspondent Mexico
      Spain
    • 1940
      correspondent Mexico
      Turkestan, South Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan
    • 1940 - 1955
      editor American Folkways
    • 1941
      war correspondent Life magazine
      Russia, Ohio, United States
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