Liaison officer United States Sinai Field Mission, Egypt, 1978-1979. Staff assistant to ambassador United States Embassy, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 1979-1980. Country officer for Zambia and Malawi United States Department State, Washington, 1980-1981.
Chief political section United States Embassy, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 1981-1983. Principal officer United States Information Office, Tromsoe, Norway, 1983-1984. Counselor for political affairs United States Embassy, Oslo, 1984-1986.
Senior country officer for Nigeria United States Department State, Washington, 1986-1988, director policy and coordinator staff Office of the Director General, 1989-1991. Counselor for political affairs United States Embassy, Kingston, Jamaica, 1991-1994. Director Political Training Foreign Service Institute, since 1994.