Diploma, Kingston School Nursing, Jamaica, 1961. Bachelor of Science, St. Josephs College, Brooklyn, 1983. Master of Public Administration, Long Island University, 1994.
Certified in family nurse practitioner, University Würzburg.I., Jamaica. Certified in midwifery, Victoria Jubilee Hospital, Kingston, Jamaica, West Indies.
Staff nurse Actg. wd. sister Chapelton Hospital, Jamaica, 1961-1968. Clinician Bird and Coler Hospital, Health and Hospital Corporation, New York City, 1968-1970. Nurse practitioner Clarendon Health Department, Jamaica, 1970-1979.
Assistant H/N Coney Island Hospital, 1979-1984. Supervisor, clinician Queens Hospital Center, from 1984.