Indiana staff nurse psychiatry Norton Infirmary, Louisville, 1960-1961. Head nurse obstetrics, nursing supervisor Murray (Kentucky) General Hospital, 1961-1962. Primary care nurse, crisis counselor infirmary Murray State University, 1962-1963.
Staff nurse, clinical instructor Madison (Indiana) State Hospital, 1963-1965. Instructor through associate professor Indiana University School Nursing, Indianapolis, 1967-1989, developer child/adolescent psychiatric, mental health nursing program, 1982-1983, chairperson graduate department, 1983-1989. Professor, assistant dean College of Nursing University South Florida, Tampa, 1989-1991.
Dean College Nursing University North Carolina, Charlotte, 1992-1995, dean College of Nursing and Health Professions, 1995—2004, dean College Health and Human Services, 2002—2004, dean emerita, since 2004. Retired, 2004
Private practice marital and family therapy, 1975-1989. Consultant in field.
Board directors Carolinas blood services region American Red Cross, 1997-2002, chairman board directors, since 2000. Fellow American Academy Nursing. Member American Nurses Association, Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Council, Society for Education and Research in Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing (president 1988-1990), American Association Marital and Family Therapy, Southern Nursing Research Society, Southern Piedmont Alzheimer's Association (board directors 1999-2000), New South Hospice of Charlotte and Lincoln County (board directors 1995—2004, chair 2002-2004), Sigma Theta Tau.