Assistant nurse University Virginia Medical Center, Charlottesville, 1980, critical care staff nurse, 1981-1984, The Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, Virginia, 1985-1989, 91. Assistant professor nursing Marymount University, Arlington, 1984-1989. Instructor in nursing University Virginia, Charlottesville, 1983-1984.
Heart transplant clinician The Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, Virginia, 1988, 89. Critical care nursing education coordinator George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, 1989-1990. Assistant professor Northern Virginia Community College, 1991-1992.
Legal consultant National Critical Care Institute Education, 1991.
Member American Association of Critical Care Nurses (Greater Washington area chapter, national professional media committee 1988-1990), Virginia Nurses Association (district 7 executive committee 1983-1984, newsletter editor and reporter 1983-1984), American Nurses Association, Sigma Theta Tau (numerous committees).