Bachelor of Science, State University of New York-Plattsburg, 1957. Master of Science in Education, State University of New York-Plattsburg, 1966. MSN, Russell Sage College, 1975.
Master of Science in Educational Administration, State University of New York-Albany, 1976. Doctor of Education, University South Dakota, 1991.
Head nurse Physicians Hospital, Plattsburgh, 1959. Teacher New Lebanon (New York ) Center School, 1963—1970, Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I director Pittsfield (Massachusetts) Public Schools, 1970—1972. Staff nurse Berkshire Medical Center, Pittsfield, 1966—1973.
Clinical nurse specialist Veterans Administration Medical Center, Albany, 1974—1985. Associate chief nurse service/education Veterans Administration Medical Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, 1986—1990, Veterans Administration Medical Center, East Orange, New Jersey, since 1990.