Student, State University of New York, Albany, 1953. Associate of Applied Science with honors, Dutchess Community College, Poughkeepsie, New York, 1983. Graduate, National Academy Paralegal Studies, Middletown, New York, 1992.
Bachelor in Professional Studies, Empire State College, Saratoga Springs, New York, 1994. Postgraduate, Empire State College, from 1996.
Private duty Registered Nurse Unique Nursing Service, Poughkeepsie. Patient care coordinator Hudson Valley Home Care. Case manager Dutchess Manor Home for Adults.
Senior advocacy coordinator Dutchess County Association for Senior Citizens. Freelance writer.