Bachelor of Science, Pennsylvania State University, 1960. Associate of Applied Science, Onondaga Community College, Syracuse, New York, 1979. Postgraduate studies Nursing, Syracuse University, since 1986.
Bachelor of science in nursing, Syracuse University, 1990. Master of Arts in Public Administration, Maxwell School. Phdc in Social Science, Public Adminstrn, Syrcuse University, 1998.
- Teacher Cherokee Hts. Junior High, Madison, Wisconsin, 1960-1961, Board of Education, Auburn, New York, 1961-1963. Staff nurse Cardiac Care Unit State University of New York Health Science Center, Syracuse, 1979-1988, clinical manager Cardiac Care Unit, 1988-1990, assistant Director of Nursing, administrative supervisor, co-chair total management advisory panel, since 1990.
Member nurse education committee American Heart Association of Central New York, since 1988. Member ethics committee Village of Fayetteville. Member American Nurses Association (District 4 political action committee 1991-1992), American Association of Critical Care Nurses (board advisory team for FY97), Think First Head/Spinal Cord Injury-Neurosurgery Group.