Orthopaedics staff nurse Presbyterian Hospital, New York City, 1967—1969. Nursing supervisor, instructor Firestone Hospital, Harbel, Liberia, 1969. Head nurse, supervisor Rogosin Kidney Disease Treatment Center, New York Hospital, Cornell Medical Center, 1970—1974.
Staff nurse hemodialysis Nashville Veterans Administration Hospital, 1974—1975. Clinical specialist adult neurosurgery/orthopedics, instructor medical-surgical nursing Vanderbilt University, Nashville, 1976—1979, assistant professor medical-surgical nursing, 1979—1983, associate professor, 1983—1992, assistant to dean, 1983—1984. Interim associate dean for community service, faculty practice and international studies, 1984—1987.
Associate dean community & international programs & faculty practice, 1987—1988. Directors honors program. Consultant professional advisory board, quality assurance reviewer Upjohn Health Care Services, 1979—1984.
Neurological-neurosurgery consultant Veterans Administration Hospital, Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Neurological consultant critical care program University Tennessee, 1981—1983. Adjunct associate professor West Virginia University of Health Sciences Center, 1993—1994, adjunct professor, since 1994.
Research associate Beckwinth Institute Innovation Nursing, Pittsburgh, since 1994. Teaching specialist Shadyside Hospital School Nursing, 1995. Member Food & Drug Administration.
Steering committee for nursing & technical Center Devices and Radiologic Health and Human Services, 1990—1993.
Member of American Nurses Association (member committee to develop standards of orthopedic nursing practice 1982-1986), Tennessee Nurses Association, National Association Orthopaedic Nurses Foundation (treasurer since 1994), National Multiple Sclerosis Society (middle Tennessee chapter chair professional advisory committee 1989-1990, board trustees 1988-1992, chair medical advisory committee 1988-1992, member national medical advisory board 1990-1992, member council progressive advisory committee Chairman & directors chapter affiliated clinics 1990-1992), American Association Neurosci. Nurses, National Association Orthopaedics Nurses (president 1981-1982, Outstanding Contrbn. award 1995), Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Theta Tau.