Diploma, Pasadena City College, 1980. Bachelor in Economics, Gordon College, 1972. Message Telecommunications Service, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, 1973.
Master of Arts, Pepperdine University, 1988. Doctor of Philosophy in Leadership and Human Behavior, United States International University, San Diego, 1994.
- Staff development Congress Convalescent Hospital, Pasadena, California, director staff development. Assistant nurse manager Los Angeles County-University Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles. Staff developer, educator High Desert Hospital, Lancaster, California.