Staff nurse Albert Einstein College Hospital, Bronx, New York, 1969—1972. Clinical nurse specialist LaGuardia Hospital, Forest Hills, 1973—1974, Mercy Hospital, Rockville Center, 1974—1977. Acting assistant director nursing, 1977—1978.
Assistant professor Molloy College, Rockville Center, 1978—1986, School Nursing, San Diego State University, since 1986. Board directors Nassau Association Nurses Political Action, New York, 1971—1973.
Member Nurses Coalition for Action in Politics, Washington, since 1983. Member of American Association of University Professors, American Nurses Association, Organization American Historians, National League for Nursing, California Nurses Association, Society Nursing History (secretary 1980-1983), New York State Nurses' Association (member Task Force on Outcomes of Education Programs, member council on legislation Albany), American Association History Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau (chapter historian 1982-1984, 3d vice president 1985-1986).