Bachelor of Science in Psychology, Washington State University, 1975. Bachelor of science in nursing, Washington State University, 1977. Master of Science in Systems Management, University Southern California, 1983.
Postgraduate, University California, San Francisco, 1980. Postgraduate, University Maryland, Baltimore, since 1991.
Junior assistant nurse officer United States Public Health Service, 1976. Commissioned lieutenant United States Navy, 1979, advanced through grades to Commander, 1992. Coordinator patient care staffing Naval Regional Medical Center, Bremerton, Washington, 1981-1983.
Head education and training Naval Hospital, Yokosuka, Japan, 1983-1987, charge nurse post anesthesia care unit San Diego, 1987-1989, information system clinical specialist, 1989-1991. Deputy director strategic planning support Defense Medical Information Management, 1994-1995, senior health programs analyst, since 1996. Presenter in field.