Staff nurse renal unit Borgess Hospital, Kalamazoo, 1979-1981. Staff nurse Intensive Care Unit Jackson (Michigan) Osteopathic, 1981-1982. Staff nurse, Oncology unit Bronson Methodist Hospital, Kalamazoo, 1982-1986.
Staff area nurse Hospice of Greater Kalamazoo, 1986. Home care case manager Visiting Nurses of Southwest Michigan, Kalamazoo, 1986-1989. Home care staff nurse Olsten Health Care, 1989-1994.
Home infusion nurse Caretec Home Infusion, 1989-1991. Nurse clinician Caremark Healthcare, since 1994.