Foreign service officer Department State, Washington, 1960-1984. Counselor American Embassy, Moscow, 1975-1978, Bonn, Germany, 1978-1979. Assistant secretary Department State, Washington, 1979-1983.
Chief administration Pan American/World Health Organization, 1983-1998. Management consultant Department State, since 2003. Vice president Pan-American Health and Education Foundation, treasurer.
Trustee, vice chairman Chelsea School, 1988-2004. With United States Army, 1959-1960. Member of American Foreign Service Protective Foundation (secretary, treasurer), American Foreign Service Protective Association (director since 1988, vice president 1997—2005, president since 2005), American Foreign Service Association (director 1970-1972).