Commissioned lieutenant United States Navy, 1965, advanced through grades to Commander. Chief optometry services Naval Support Activity, Da Nang, Vietnam, 1968—1969. Executive officer Naval Ophthalmic Support and Training Activity, Yorktown, Virginia, 1972—1974.
Chief of optometry United States Navy, Washington, 1979—1981. Chairman optometry services Naval Regional Medical Center, Oakland, California, 1981—1983. Retired, 1983; consultant CooperVision Optics, Inc., 1983—1984.
Director professional services D.O.C. Optics Corporation, Southfield, Michigan, since 1984.