Associate of Arts, Seiwa College, Nishinomiya, Japan, 1965. Associate of Arts, Warren Wilson College, Swannanoa, North Carolina, 1967. Bachelor, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, 1969.
Master of Science in Social Work, University Texas, Arlington, 1971. Certified psychotherapy-psychoanalysis, Postgraduate Center Mental Health, New York City, 1977. Certified in supervision psychotherapeutic processes, Postgraduate Center Mental Health, New York City, 1979.
Psychiatric social worker Killgore Children's Psychiatric Hospital, Amarillo, Texas, 1971-1973, Jewish Child Care Association, Childville division, New York City, 1973-1974. Supervisor social work, social work department Bellevue Hospital, 1974-1976. Assistant director training Postgraduate Center Mental Health, 1979-1982, associate supervisor, 1979-1982, supervisor, 1982-1985, senior supervisor, since 1985, training analyst, since 1989.
Private practice psychotherapy and psychoanalysis, since 1976. Clinical consultant Pace University Personal Development Center, New York City, since 1987.