Certified, Lake County Vocational Technology Center, Bustis, Florida, 1982. AS, State University of New York, Albany, 1986. Bachelor of Science, State University of New York, Albany, 1989.
Postgraduate, Liberty University, Lynchburg, Virginia, since 1990. Postgraduate, Saybrook Institute, San Francisco, 1990.
Staff nurse Medical Personnel Pool, Leesburg, Florida, 1982. Staff nurse Intensive Care Unit/progressive care unit Marion Community Hospital, Ocala, 1983. Nursing supervisor Leesburg Health Care Center, 1984-1985.
Nursing/residential services supervisor Center Florida Geriatric Residential Treatment System, Leesburg, 1986-1987. Quality assurance/utilization review coordinator Lake/Sumter Mental Health Center, since 1988.