Associate of Science in Nursing, University of State New York, Albany, 1977. Bachelor of Science cum laude, University Nebraska, Omaha, 1975. Master of Arts in Hospital Management, Webster University, 1978.
Master of Arts in Mental Health, St. Mary's University, 1980. Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology, Union Institute, 1994.
- Professorial lecturer psychology, University of Philippines, Manila, 1983-1984;instructor psychology, Center Texas College, Killeen, Texas, 1984-1988;clinical director, Association Counseling Superior vena cava syndrome, Harker Heights, Texas, 1990-1991;director, Advanced Counseling Center, Harker Heights, 1991-1996.