Staff nurse Mountainside Hospital, Montclair, New Jersey, 1967-1969. Head nurse New York Medical College, New York City, 1970-1972, clinical instructor, 1972-1975. Instructor Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey, 1975-1977, assistant professor, 1977-1979, professor nursing, 1986-1994, 96—, director nursing research, 1986-1994, department chair, 1996-1999, acting dean, 1999-2000, dean College Nursing, since 2000, dean, professor College Nursing, 2000.
Director nursing research Memorial Sloan-Kettering, New York City, 1984-1986. Chair New Jersey Association of Baccalaureate and Higher Degree Programs in Nursing. Commissioner National Commission for VA Nursing, 2002—2004.
Member advisory council Future of Nursing in New Jersey, 2002—2004.
Board directors Junior League, Montclair, 1992-1994, chair grants and corporation development, chair Newark Teen Arts Festival, Montclair and Newark, 1994-1995. Fellow: American Academy Nursing. Member: American Nurses Association (chair research, Governor's award 1994), New Jersey State Nurses Association (member council, Research award 1994), American Academy Practice (Distinguished Practitioner 2000), Sigma Theta Tau (vice president Gamma Nu chapter 1994-1996, Research award 1983).