Medical technology trainee City of Hope Medical Center, Duarte, California, 1974-1975. Medical technologist University California, Irvine, 1975-1976, City of Hope Medical Center, Duarte, 1976-1977. Senior medical technologist Victor Valley Hospital, Victorville, California, 1977-1983.
SBB intern San Bernardino (California) Blood Bank, 1984-1985, Prime Minister supervisor, since 1986, director processing laboratory, since 1986. Prime Minister supervisor San Bernardino Community Hospital, 1985-1986.