Associate of Applied Science in Ophthalmic Dispensing, Erie Community College, 1980. Bachelor of Science in General Studies, New York Institute of Technology, 1981. Master of Arts in Biology, Hofstra University, 1983.
Postgraduate researcher, University California, Berkeley, 1985. OD, State University of New York College Optometry, New York City, 1987.
Director Low Vision Clinic, instructor refraction and optics Columbia University at Harlem Hospital Medical Center, New York City, since 1988. Associate research scientist Harkness Eye Institute, Columbia University College Physicians and Surgeons, since 1989. Director, assistant medical advisor Tristate Consumer Insurance Company.
Numerous presentations in field.