Bachelor in Anthropology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, 1984. Master of Arts in Psychology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, 1986. Master of Arts in Anthropology, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, 1988.
Doctor of Psychology, California Coast University, Santa Ana, 2002.
- Manager intake operations United Behavioral Health, San Francisco, 1997—1999, psychiatric and substance abuse care manager, 1999—2003, Managed Health Network, San Rafael, since 2003.