Assistant professor St. Xavier University School Nursing, Chicago, 1991—1994. From assistant to associate professor Yale University School Nursing, 1994—1997, associate professor, 1997—2002. Endowed professor nursing, professor internal medicine and geriatrics University Virginia School Nursing, Charlottesville, 2003—2008, director diversity initiatives, 2006—2008.
Professor, dean University of California at Los Angeles School Nursing, since 2008. Senior consultant United States Health Care Financing Administration, Washington, since 1997. Board directors National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Board, Washington, 1997.