Community organization adviser Baltimore Urban Renewal Agency, 1963—1964. Assistant director Economic Opportunity Commission, Annapolis, Maryland, 1966—1967. Special assistant, program analyst Community Progress, Incorporated, New York Haven, 1967—1969.
Research associate School Social Service Administration University Chicago, 1971—1972, instructor, 1972—1975, research associate Center Health Administration Studies, 1975—1976, assistant professor, 1975—1981, research associate department medicine, 1976—1977. Associate professor hospital and health services management Kellogg Graduate School Management Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, 1981—1985. Visiting lecturer health policy department health policy, management Harvard University School Public Health, 1982.
Associate professor, director Health Management Programs Boston University, since 1985. Consultant health policy planning, research. Visiting scholar Center Health Services and Policy Research Northwestern University, 1980—1981.