Diploma, Millard Fillmore Hospital School Nursing, 1972. Bachelor of Science in Nursing, D'Youville College, 1974. Master of Science in Child Health and Nursing Administration, certified as Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, State University of New York, Buffalo, 1979.
Postgraduate, Cornell University, 1981. Postgraduate, Buffalo School of the Bible, 1985.
Enlisted United States Army Reserve, 1975, advanced through grade to lieutenant colonel, 1992. Assistant chief nurse 455th General Hospital, Providence, 1985-1988, AGR 324th General Hospital, Perrine, Florida, 1988-1993. Educational services administrator Gaymar Industries, Inc., Orchard Park, New York, 1994-1995.
Lecturer in field; adjunct clinical instructor Graduate School Nursing, State University of New York, Buffalo, 1979-1983, assistant professor occupational therapy, 1979-1982. Staff nurse Millard Fillmore Hospital, Buffalo, 1971-1973. Private duty nurse Manpower Nursing Service, 1973-1974.
Staff nurse, team leader Erie County Department Public Health, 1974, coordinator child health assurance program, 1976-1978, senior nurse practitioner, 1978-1979, director well child clinics, 1979-1982, director patient services, 1982-1983. Part-time marriage and family counselor, Full Gospel Tabernacle. Active National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Board.
Active Marriage Encounter, 1979-1985. Advisory board AGAPE, a Christian Parents group for handicapped children, 1979-1985. Member American Nurses Association, Association Military Surgeons United States, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses, Wound Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society, American Association Nurse Anesthesia, Post Anesthesia Nurses Association, New York State Nurses Association.