Degree, Albany Medical Center School Nursing, 1962. Degree, Fairfax Hospital School Nurse Anesthetists, Virginia, 1972. Bachelor of Science in Anesthesia, George Washington University, 1979.
Master in Business & Public Administration, Southeastern University, Washington, 1982. Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia Pacific University, 1983.
Staff nurse West Seattle General Hospital, 1962—1964. Nurse Filmore Buckner, Maryland, Seattle, 1964—1966. Staff nurse anesthetist Fairfax Hospital, 1972—1973, Potomac Hospital, Woodbridge, Virginia, 1973.
Chief nurse anesthetist, since 1973. Director Potomac Hospital School for Nurse Anesthetists & School for Nurse Anesthesia. Faculty member Columbia Pacific University, 1973—1990.
Chief nurse anesthetist Northern Virginia Anesthesia Association, since 1988. Guest lectr Northern Virginia Community College. Guest lecturer Inservice Potomac Hospital, George Washington University.