Postdoctoral fellow in medical informatics University Minnesota, Minneapolis, 1985-1987. Adjunct associate professor medical informatics University Utah, Salt Lake City, 1987-1994, director office of nursing informatics, 1987-1990, professor College Nursing, 1991-1994. Informatics director Virginia Henderson International Nursing Library., since 1994.
Adjunct professor center for nursing research Indiana University School Nursing, since 1994. Informatics and research specialist, invitational reviewer Nursing Research study section Health Science Administration, Washington, since 1990. Priority expert panel on nursing information systems National Center Nursing Research, since 1989.