Party affiliation: Republican
Attorney Office of General Counsel, Federal Trade Commission, Washington, 1974-1977, antitrust attorney Bureau of Competition, 1977-1981. Counsel, consumer subcommittee of committee on commerce, science and transportation United States Senate, 1981-1985. Associate Heron, Burchette, Ruckert & Rothwell, 1985-1987, partner, 1987-1990.
Deputy assistant secretary for governmental affairs United States Department Transportation, 1990-1991, acting assistant secretary for governmental affairs, 1991-1992. Consultant Raffaelli, Spees, Springer & Smith, 1993-1994. Assistant executive director government relations American Psychological Association Practice Organization, since 1995.
Lecturer Brookings Institution Center for Public Policy Education, Washington, 1985-1988.