Party affiliation: Republican
Bachelor, University Detroit, 1951. Bachelor of Laws, University Detroit, 1954. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), University Detroit, 1977.
Master of Laws, New York University, 1957. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), Spring Arbor College, 1975. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), Detroit College Business, 1975.
Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), Ferris State College, Big Rapids, Michigan, 1980. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), Saginaw Valley State College, University Center, Michigan, 1980. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), Detroit College Law, 1981.
Special agent Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, 1954-1958. Sole practice law Detroit, 1959-1962. Member Detroit City Council, 1962-1967, president pro tempore, 1966-1967.
Chief assistant prosecutor Wayne County, Detroit, 1967-1969. United States attorney United States District Court (eastern district), 1969-1970. Lieutenant governor State of Michigan, Lansing, 1971-1974, 79-82.
Justice Supreme Court of Michigan, 1982-1999. Chief justice, 1995-1996. President Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, 1975-1978.
Lecturer, adjunct professor University Detroit, Wayne State University, University Michigan, Ann Arbor, Cooley Law School, 1958-1973.
Denomination: Roman Catholic